The NAPLAN numeracy tests measure the achievement of students in numeracy. The main reference for numeracy as well as mathematical knowledge, skills and understanding is the Australian Curriculum: Mathematics. The numeracy tests assess the proficiency strands of understanding, fluency, problem-solving and reasoning across the three content strands of mathematics: number and algebra; measurement and geometry; and statistics and probability.

The paper numeracy tests contain two types of items: multiple-choice and constructed response. The online numeracy tests contain multiple-choice and constructed response items as well as technologically-enhanced items. The range of item types can be viewed in the numeracy tests on the NAPLAN public demonstration site.

Year 7 and Year 9 tests

The NAPLAN numeracy tests for Year 7 and Year 9 students were updated in 2017 to be consistent with the expectations of the Australian Curriculum and other NAPLAN domains.

Since 2017, the Year 7 and 9 numeracy tests have been conducted as one test session instead of two. For both paper and online modes of delivery, Year 7 and 9 numeracy tests have two sections. There is a short non-calculator section, consisting of 8 questions, in which students are required to demonstrate arithmetical calculation skills. For the remainder of the test, calculators are permitted, even if they are not necessary to answer the question.

Minimum standards

The minimum standards for numeracy describe some of the skills and understandings students are generally expected to demonstrate at their particular year of schooling. The standards are intended to be a snapshot of typical achievement and do not describe the full range of what students are taught or what they may achieve. For further information on the national minimum standards, see standards.