Minimum standards - grammar and punctuation

Year 3  | Year 5 | Year 7 | Year 9 |


Year 3

In grammar and punctuation, Year 3 students at the minimum standard generally identify features of a simple sentence. They identify some common grammatical conventions such as the correct use of past and present tense and the use of pronouns to replace nouns in sentences. They typically recognise the correct use of punctuation in written English, such as capitalisation for sentence beginnings and proper nouns.

In grammar students can:

  • identify the correct preposition required to complete a sentence

  • identify the correct pronoun required to complete  a sentence

  • identify the correct adverb of time required to complete a sentence

  • identify the correct form of a participle required to complete a sentence.

In punctuation students can:

  • identify the correct location of a full stop

  • identify proper nouns that require capitalisation.

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Year 5

In grammar and punctuation, Year 5 students at the minimum standard generally identify common grammatical conventions such as the correct use of conjunctions and verb forms. They typically recognise the correct use of punctuation in written English, such as the use of question marks and speech marks for direct speech.

In grammar students can:

  • identify the correct conjunction required to join a pair  of simple sentences

  • identify the correct form of the verb required to complete  a sentence

  • identify which adverb in a sentence describes how an  action took place

  • identify the correct plural pronoun required to complete a sentence.

In punctuation students can:

  • identify direct speech that uses capital letters, question marks and speech marks.

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Year 7

In grammar and punctuation, Year 7 students at the minimum standard generally identify common grammatical conventions such as the correct use of relative pronouns and clauses. They typically recognise the correct use of punctuation in written English, such as the use of apostrophes for possession and of commas to separate nouns in lists.

In grammar students can:

  • identify the correct form of the verb required to complete  a complex sentence

  • identify the correct personal pronoun required to complete  a sentence 

  • identify correct subject-verb agreement in a sentence

  • identify the phrase required to complete a sentence.

In punctuation students can:

  • locate a comma to separate items in a list.

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Year 9

In grammar and punctuation, Year 9 students at the minimum standard generally identify in which tense a short passage is written and correctly use comparative adjectives. They typically recognise the correct use of punctuation in written English, such as the correct form of contractions, and can identify the purpose of italics and dashes in sentences.

In grammar students can:

  • identify the tense of a short passage

  • identify the correct form of a comparative adjective in a sentence

  • identify the word that functions as a verb in a sentence.

In punctuation students can:

  • identify the purpose of italics in a sentence

  • locate commas in a sentence to emphasise a clause

  • recognise that colons can be used to introduce lists.

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